When it comes to powered industrial trucks (PITs), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has specific regulations in place. Examples of PITs include forklifts, pallet trucks, and low-rise elevators. However, earth-moving and road transport trucks, golf carts, forklifts, and authorized cars are not included in the definition. Golf carts are primarily used to move people around a facility.
But they can also be modified to transport materials. OSHA does not have any regulations for scooters, golf carts, or other types of personal transportation. These types of equipment are not covered by the PIT or by any other specific standard. However, OSHA does expect them to be used safely and could use the General Duty Clause to hold employers accountable for maintaining a safe workplace.
Motorized cars are not motor vehicles and are not licensed by the DMV (they do not have license plates). They can be powered by gasoline or electricity. Golf carts are primarily used to move people, but they can also be used to transport materials. So what about golf carts or other similar vehicles designed to transport people within a facility? Are they considered PITs? The basic answer is no.
To ensure safety, employers should review the Rules for the Safe Operation of Motor Cars and Low-Speed Vehicles (LSVs) annually with all motor car and LSV operators. Even though golf carts are not technically covered by 1910.178, employers should consider including them in their PIT program if they are used to transport materials. This will help protect employees from potential hazards and ensure compliance with OSHA regulations.